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Херсонский ТОП
Крым
Северный Кипр недвижимость. Купи себе место под Солнцем!

Viktor Suvorov. Spetsnaz
Chapter 15. Spetsnaz's First World War

     I  was standing on the top of an enormous skyscraper in New York when I
saw King Kong. The huge gorilla surveyed Manhattan triumphantly from a dizzy
height. Of  course  I  knew  it wasn't  real. But there  was  something both
frightening and symbolic in that huge black figure.
     I  learnt later that the gorilla was a rubber  one, that  it  had  been
decided to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary  of the showing  of the  first
film about King  Kong by  creating a  gigantic inflatable model of the beast
and placing  it high  above New York. The  rubber  monster was hauled up and
swayed about in the wind. From the technical point of view the operation had
been a  real triumph by the engineers and workmen who had taken part in  it.
But it was not an entire  success.  The monster turned out to  be  too huge,
with the result that holes appeared in its body through which the  air could
escape.  So the  gigantic  muscular frame quickly collapsed into a shapeless
bag.  They  had to pump more air into  it,  but  the harder they pumped  the
bigger the holes became and the quicker the air escaped from the monster. So
they had to keep on pumping....
     The Communist  leaders  have also  created a  rubber monster  and  have
hauled it up to a dizzy height.  The monster is known as the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics, and  the Soviet  leaders  are faced with a  dilemma: to
expand  or to decline rapidly and become a flabby sack. It is interesting to
note that  the Soviet Union became  a superpower in  the course of  the most
destructive war in the history of civilisation, in spite of the fact that it
suffered the greatest loss  of life and the greatest destruction  on its own
territory. It has  become a military superpower and perhaps war is essential
for its existence.
     I do not  know how or when World  War Three  will start. I do  not know
exactly how  the Soviet high command  plans to make use of spetsnaz  in that
war: the first world war in which spetsnaz will be a major contributor. I do
not  wish  to predict  the future. In  this  chapter  I shall  describe  how
spetsnaz will be used at the  beginning of that war as I  imagine it.  It is
not  my  task to describe what  will happen. But I can  describe  what might
happen.

        ___

     The  last month of peace, as in other wars, has an almost palpable  air
of  crisis  about  it.  Incidents,  accidents, small  disasters  add  to the
tension.  Two trains collide  on  a  railway  bridge in  Cologne because the
signalling system is out of order. The bridge is seriously damaged and there
can be no traffic over it for the next two months.
     In the  port of  Rotterdam  a  Polish  supertanker bursts  into flames.
Because of an error by the  captain the tanker is far too close  to  the oil
storage tanks on the shore, and the burning  oil spreads around the harbour.
For  two weeks fire  brigades  summoned from practically  the  whole country
fight an heroic battle with the  flames. The port suffers tremendous losses.
The fire  appears to  have spread at  a quite  incredible  speed,  and  some
experts are  of the opinion that the Polish tanker was not the only cause of
the fire, that the fire broke out simultaneously in many places.
     In the Panama Canal the  Varna, a Bulgarian freighter loaded with heavy
containers, rams  the lock gates by mistake. Experts reckoned  that the ship
should have remained  afloat, but for some reason  she sinks there and then.
To reopen the canal  could well  take many months. The  Bulgarian government
sends  its  apologies and  declares  itself ready  to pay  for all the  work
involved.
     In  Washington, as the President's  helicopter is  taking  off, several
shots are fired at it from sniper's  rifles. The helicopter is only slightly
damaged and the crew succeed in bringing it down again safely. No one in the
craft is hurt.  Responsibility for  the attack  is claimed by  a  previously
unknown organisation calling itself `Revenge for Vietnam'.
     There is a terrorist explosion at Vienna airport.
     A group of  unidentified  men  attack  the  territory  of  the  British
military base in Cyprus with mortars.
     A serious accident takes place  on the most important oil  pipeline  in
Alaska. The  pumping stations  break down and  the flow  of  oil falls  to a
trickle.
     In West Germany there are several unsuccessful attempts on the lives of
American generals.
     In  the North  Sea the biggest  of the British  oil  rigs tips over and
sinks. The precise  reason for  this  is not established,  although  experts
believe that corrosion of main supports is the culprit.
     In  the United States an  epidemic of some unidentified disease  breaks
out and spreads rapidly. It seems to affect port areas particularly, such as
San Francisco, Boston, Charleston, Seattle, Norfolk and Philadelphia.
     There are explosions  practically every  day in Paris. The main targets
are  the   government  districts,   communication   centres   and   military
headquarters. At the same time terrible forest fires are raging in the South
of France.
     All these operations -- because of course none of  these events  is  an
accident -- and  others  like them are  known officially  in  the GRU as the
`preparatory period', and unofficially as the  `overture'. The overture is a
series of large and small operations the purpose of which is, before  actual
military  operations  begin,  to  weaken  the  enemy's  morale,  create   an
atmosphere  of  general  suspicion, fear  and  uncertainty,  and divert  the
attention  of  the enemy's  armies and police  forces to  a  huge number  of
different targets, each of which may be the object of the next attack.
     The overture is carried by agents of  the secret services of the Soviet
satellite  countries  and by mercenaries recruited  by  intermediaries.  The
principal method employed at this stage is `grey terror', that is, a kind of
terror which  is not conducted  in the  name of the Soviet Union. The Soviet
secret services do not at this  stage leave  their visiting  cards, or leave
other people's cards.  The  terror  is  carried out  in the name  of already
existing extremist groups not connected in any way with the Soviet Union, or
in the name of fictitious organisations.
     The GRU reckons  that  in this period its operations should be regarded
as  natural disasters, actions  by  forces  beyond human  control,  mistakes
committed by  people, or as  terrorist acts by  organisations  not connected
with the Soviet Union.
     The  terrorist acts carried out in the course of the `overture' require
very  few people, very few weapons  and little equipment. In  some cases all
that may  be  needed is  one  man who  has as  a weapon nothing more  than a
screwdriver, a box of matches or a glass ampoule. Some of the operations can
have catastrophic consequences.  For  example, an epidemic of  an infectious
disease at seven of the  most important naval  bases in the  West could have
the  effect of  halving  the combined naval  might  of  the  Soviet  Union's
enemies.
     The  `overture'  could  last  from  several weeks  to  several  months,
gradually gathering force and embracing fresh regions. At the  same time the
GUSM would become involved. Photographs compromising a NATO  chief appear on
the front  pages  of Western newspapers. A scandal explodes. It appears that
some of the NATO people  have been having meetings with  high-ranking Soviet
diplomats  and handing over  top secret  papers.  All efforts to refute  the
story only  fuel  the  fire.  The public  demands the immediate dismissal of
NATO's chiefs and  a  detailed enquiry. Fresh details about  the  affair are
published in the papers and the  scandal increases in scope. At that  moment
the KGB and GRU can take out and dust off a  tremendous quantity of material
and put it into circulation. The  main victims  now  are the people whom the
Soviets had tried to recruit but failed. Now carefully edited  and annotated
materials get into the hands of the press.  Soviet Intelligence has tried to
recruit thousands,  even tens of  thousands,  of  people  in its  time. They
include young lieutenants who have now become generals and third secretaries
who  have  now  become ambassadors.  All of  them rejected Soviet efforts to
recruit them, and now Soviet Intelligence avenges their refusal. The  number
of scandalous affairs increases. The nations discover to their surprise that
there are very few people to be trusted. The Soviet intelligence service has
nothing to lose if the press  gets hold of material showing that it tried to
recruit a French  general, without saying how the attempt ended. It has even
less to  lose on  the  eve of war. That  is why the newspapers  are  full of
demands  for  investigations and  reports of  resignations,  dismissals  and
suicides.  The best  way of  killing a general is to  kill him with his  own
hands.
     There is  a marked increase in the strength of the  peace  movement. In
many countries there are continual demands to make  the country  neutral and
not to support American foreign  policy, which has been discredited. At this
point the  `grey terror' gathers scope and strength and  in the last days of
peace reaches its peak.
     From  the first  moment of  the first  day  of  war the main  forces of
spetsnaz go into action. From then on the terror is conducted in the name of
the Soviet Union and of the Communist leadership: `red terror'.
     But  between  the   `grey'  and  the  `red'  terror  there  may  be  an
intermediate period -- the  `pink' terror, when active  military  operations
have not  yet begun  and  there is still  peace,  but when some of  the best
spetsnaz units  have already gone into action. The situation  is complicated
by the fact  that, on the  one hand,  Soviet  fighting units are  already in
battle,  but that, on the other hand, they are not yet operating in the name
of the Soviet  Union. This is an  exceptionally risky moment  for the Soviet
high command. But he who risks nothing  gains nothing. The Soviet commanders
want to gain a great deal, and so are  ready to risk a lot. A great deal has
of course been  done  to reduce the level  of risk. Only a relatively  small
number of spetsnaz troops  take part in the `pink' terror, but they  are the
best  people  in  spetsnaz  --   professional  athletes  of  Olympic  class.
Everything has been done to make sure that not one of  them should fall into
the  hands  of the enemy before the  outbreak of  war. A great deal has also
been done to ensure that, if one of  them should  fall  into  enemy hands at
that moment, it would be very difficult to establish his connection with any
country whatsoever.
     The  `pink' terror may continue for no more than a few hours. But those
are the most  important hours and minutes -- the very last hours and minutes
of peace. It is very important that those hours and minutes should be spoilt
for the enemy and used for the maximum advantage to the Soviet side. It must
be pointed out that the  `pink' terror may not  be carried out at all. It is
used only when there is  absolute certainty of the success of the operations
and equal  certainty that the enemy will not be able in the  remaining hours
and  minutes  to  assess  the  situation  correctly  and  strike  the  first
pre-emptive blow.

        ___

     For Soviet  Communists the month of August  has a special significance.
It was  in  August  that  the  First  World  War  began,  which  resulted in
revolutions  in  Russia, Germany and Hungary. In August  1939  Georgi Zhukov
succeeded in doing something that  no one before him had managed to do: with
a sudden blow he routed  a group of Japanese forces in the  Far East.  It is
possible that that  blow  had  very far-reaching consequences: Japan decided
against attacking the Soviet Union and chose to advance in other directions.
Also in August 1939 a pact  was signed in the Kremlin which opened the flood
gates for  the Second World  War, as a result of which  the  USSR  became  a
super-power.  In  August  1945  the Soviet Union  carried out a  treacherous
attack  on Japan and Manchuria. In the  course  of three weeks of  intensive
operations huge territories roughly equal in area and population  to Eastern
Europe  were `liberated'.  In August 1961 the Soviet Union built the  Berlin
Wall, in violation of international agreements it had signed. In August 1968
the Soviet Army `liberated' Czechoslovakia and, to  its  great surprise, did
not  meet with any opposition  from  the West. Suppose the Soviet Communists
again choose August for starting a war....

        ___

     On 12 August, at  0558 local time,  a van comes to a halt on  the  vast
empty parking lot in front  of a supermarket in  Washington. Three men  open
the doors of  the van, roll out the fuselage of a light aircraft and  attach
its wings. A minute later  its motor bursts into  life.  The plane takes off
and disappears into the sky. It has no pilot. It is controlled by radio with
the aid of very simple  instruments,  only  slightly  more  complicated than
those  used by model  aircraft enthusiasts.  The plane  climbs to  about 200
metres and  immediately  begins  to  descend in the  direction of the  White
House.  A minute  later a mighty explosion shakes  the capital of the United
States. The screaming  of sirens on police cars, fire engines and ambulances
fills the city.
     Three minutes later a second plane sweeps across the centre of the city
and  there  is a second  explosion in the place where the White  House  once
stood. The second  plane  has  taken  off from  a  section  of highway under
construction, and has a quite different control system.  Two cars with radio
beacons  in them  have  been left  earlier  in  the  middle of the city. The
beacons  have switched on  automatically a  few  seconds before the  plane's
take-off. The automatic pilot  is  guided by the two beacons and  starts  to
descend according to  a previously  worked-out trajectory.  The second plane
has been sent  off  by a second  group operating independently  of the first
one.
     It was  a  simple plan: if the  first plane did  not destroy the  White
House the second would. If the first  plane did destroy the White House then
a  few minutes later  all the  heads  of the Washington police would be near
where  the explosion had taken  place.  The second plane would kill  many of
them.
     At  0606  all  radio  and television  channels  interrupt  their normal
programmes and report the destruction of  the White  House and  the possible
death of the President of the United States.
     At 0613 the programme known as Good Morning America is  interrupted and
the Vice-President of the  USA appears. He announces a  staggering  piece of
news: there has been an attempt to seize power in the country on the part of
the leaders of the armed forces. The President of the United States has been
killed. The Vice-President appeals to everyone in the armed forces to remain
where they are and not to carry out any orders from  senior officers for the
next  twenty-four hours,  because  the orders  would be  issued  by traitors
shortly to be removed from their posts and arrested.
     Soon afterwards  many  television  channels  across the  country  cease
transmitting....

        ___

     The Soviet military leaders know that  if  it doesn't prove possible to
destroy  the  President  of the  United  States in  peacetime,  it  will  be
practically impossible to do so at a  time of crisis.  The President will be
in  an  underground,  or   airborne,   command  post,   somewhere  extremely
inaccessible and extremely well guarded.
     Consequently  the  leaders, while not  abandoning  attempts to kill the
President (for which  purpose several groups of assassins with every kind of
weapon, including anti-aircraft missiles, have been dropped in the country),
decide to carry out an operation aimed at causing panic and confusion. If it
proves impossible to kill the President  then  they will  have to reduce his
capacity to  rule  the  country  and its armed  forces at the  most critical
moment.
     To carry  out  this  task  the  Soviets  have  secretly  transferred to
Washington  a spetsnaz  company  from the  first  spetsnaz  regiment  at the
strategic level. A large part of the company is made up of women. The entire
complement of the company is professional  athletes of  Olympic standard. It
has taken  several months to transfer the whole company  to  Washington. The
athletes have arrived in  the guise of security men, drivers and technicians
working in the  Soviet embassy  and other Soviet  establishments, and  their
weapons  and  equipment have  been  brought  in  in  containers  covered  by
diplomatic privilege. The  company has been split into eight groups to carry
out its mission. Each group has its own organisation, structure, weapons and
equipment. To carry out  their tasks some  of the groups will  have to  make
contact  with  secret agents recruited  a long  time previously by  the  GRU
rezidentura.
     On 11 August the  GRU rezident in Washington,  a major-general known by
the code-name of `Mudry' (officially a civilian and a high-ranking diplomat)
receives an encyphered telegram consisting of  one single  word -- `Yes'. On
the rezident's orders the spetsnaz company leave their places of  work. Some
of them simply  go back home. Some  are transported secretly in the boots of
their cars by GRU officers and dropped in the woods round the city, in empty
underground garages and other secluded places.
     The group commanders gather  their groups together in previously agreed
places and set about carrying out their tasks.
     Group  No. 1  consists of  three men and the group is  backed up by one
secret agent. The agent works as a mechanic at an airport. In his spare time
he builds flying models of aircraft of various sizes. This  particular model
was designed  by  the best  Soviet  aircraft designers and  put together  in
America from spares bought in the  open market.  The agent himself does  not
play  any part  in the  operation.  A van  containing  a  light radio-guided
aircraft  and its  separate wings has  been standing in his garage for  some
months.  What the aircraft is  for and to whom it belongs the agent does not
know. He only knows that  someone has  the keys to the garage  and that that
person can  at any moment come  and take the van along with the aircraft. In
the  middle of the night  the  spetsnaz  group  drives  the van out into the
forest where they take the explosive charges from a secret  hiding place and
prepare the plane for flight. At dawn the  van  is  standing in the deserted
parking lot.
     Group No. 2 is doing roughly the same at that time.  But this group has
three  agents working for it,  two of whom have left  their  cars with radio
beacons parked in precisely defined spots in the centre of the city.
     Group No. 3 consists of fifteen spetsnaz men and five experts from  the
REB osnaz. They are all wearing police uniforms. At  night the group kidnaps
the director  of a television company  and his family. Leaving the family at
home as  hostages  guarded by three spetsnaz men, the rest of the group make
their  way to the  studios,  capturing two more  highly placed officials  on
their way, also  as hostages, but without giving  cause for noise  or  panic
among  the staff.  Then, with guns threatening them and supervised by Soviet
electronics experts, the director and his assistants insert, instead of  the
usual  advertising programme, a video  cassette which  the  commander of the
group has given him.  The video cassette has been  made up in advance in the
Soviet Union. The role of the Vice-President is played by an actor.
     The Soviet high command knows that it is  very  difficult  to cut  into
American military channels. If it  is at all possible,  then at best it will
be possible to do no more than overhear  conversations or interrupt them. It
is practically  impossible to use them for  transmitting false orders at the
strategic level.  That  is why it  is  decided  to make use of the  civilian
television network: it is difficult to get into a television studio, but  it
is possible and there are many to  choose from. Operations are  carried  out
simultaneously  in several different cities against various TV companies. If
the  operation succeeds  in only one city it will not matter --  millions of
people will be disoriented at the most critical moment.
     The operational plan has provided that, just after the `Vice-President'
has spoken several retransmitters will be destroyed by other spetsnaz groups
and one  of  the American  communication satellites will be  shot  down  `by
mistake' by  a Soviet satellite. This  is intended to deprive  the President
and  the  real  Vice-President  of  the  opportunity  to  refute  the  false
declaration.
     But events do not go entirely according to plan. The President succeeds
in addressing the people  and issuing a  denial  of  the  report.  After the
television network  throughout America has suffered such major  damage,  the
radio  immediately  becomes the  principal  means  of  communication.  Radio
commentators  produce different  commentaries about  what  is happening. The
majority of them report that  it is difficult to say which report is genuine
and which was false, but that the only fact about which there is no doubt is
that the White House has been destroyed.
     At the moment  when all  these  events are  taking  place in Washington
another  spetsnaz  company  from the same regiment  is ordered  by  the  GRU
rezident in  New  York  to carry out the same operation but on a much larger
scale.  They do  not  make use  of  radio-guided  aircraft,  but  seize  two
television studios and  one radio studio which they use for transmitting the
same false  report.  Five other spetsnaz groups emerge from official  Soviet
offices and make open,  armed attacks on underground  cables  and some radio
and TV transmitting  and receiving aerials. They  manage  to damage them and
also some transformer stations, as a result of which millions of TV  screens
go blank.
     A few hours later spetsnaz detachment I-M-7  of 120  men  lands in  New
York  harbour from  a  freighter sailing  under  a Liberian flag.  Using its
fire-power the detachment makes its  way  to the nearest subway station and,
splitting into  small groups and  seizing  a train with hostages, sets about
destroying the underground communications of the city.
     In the area around the  berths  of America's huge aircraft-carriers and
nuclear submarines  in Norfolk, several mini-subs are discovered, as well as
underwater saboteurs with aqualungs.
     In Alaska  eighteen  different places  are recorded where  small groups
have tried to land from Soviet naval vessels,  submarines and aircraft. Some
of the groups have been destroyed as they landed, others have managed to get
back to their ships or, after landing successfully, hidden in the forests.
     Spetsnaz detachment  I-S-7  consisting of eighty-two  men lands on  the
coast of Mexico, immediately  commandeers private cars, and the  next night,
using their fire-power and new mobility, cross the United States border.
     Small  spetsnaz groups  land and use  routes  and methods  employed  by
illegal immigrants, while others make  use of paths and methods used by drug
dealers.
     Islands and the military installations on them  are more vulnerable  to
sabotage operations, and  at the same moment spetsnaz groups are  landing on
Okinawa and Guam, on Diego  Garcia, in Greenland and dozens of other islands
on which the West has bases.

        ___

     Spetsnaz  group  2-S-13 has  spent three weeks aboard  a  small  Soviet
fishing vessel  fishing  close  to the shores of  Ireland.  On receiving the
signal `393939'  the ship's captain gives the  order to cut the nets, switch
off the  radio, radar and navigation lights and set course  at top speed for
the shores of Great Britain.
     In darkness two  light speed-boats  are lowered  from  the  side of the
ship. They are big enough to take the whole group.  In the first boat is the
group commander,  a lieutenant with the  code-name of `Shakespeare', a radio
operator, a machine-gunner and two snipers. In the second boat is the deputy
group commander, a junior lieutenant with the code-name `Poet', two soldiers
with flame-throwers and two snipers. Each man has a supply of food for three
days, which is supposed to be used only in the event of being pursued for  a
long period.  For  general  purposes  the  group  has  to  obtain  its  food
independently,  as best it can.  The  group  also  includes  two huge German
shepherd dogs.
     After landing the group the little fishing vessel, still without lights
or radio, puts out into the open sea. The ship's  captain  is hoping to hide
away in a  neutral port in Ireland.  If the vessel is  stopped  at sea  by a
British naval patrol the  captain  and  his crew have nothing  to  fear: the
dangerous passengers  have left  the fishing  boat and all  traces  of their
presence on it have already been removed.
     `Shakespeare's' group lands on a  tiny beach close to Little Haven. The
landing place has  been chosen long ago,  and very well chosen: the beach is
shut  in on  three sides by huge  cliffs,  so that even  in  daytime  it  is
impossible to see from a distance what is going on on the beach itself.
     At the same time as `Shakespeare' four other spetsnaz groups are  going
ashore  in  different  places  two  or  three  kilometres  apart.  Operating
independently of each other, these four groups arrive by different routes at
the  little village  of  Brawdy and at 3.30  in  the  morning  they  make  a
simultaneous attack from different directions on  a large building belonging
to  the  United  States Navy.  According  to  reports  received  by the GRU,
hundreds, and possibly thousands, of acoustic listening  posts have been set
up in the region  of the Atlantic  Ocean. The underwater cables  from  these
posts  come  together at  Brawdy where  hundreds of American experts analyse
with the aid of a computer a huge  amount of information  about the movement
of submarines  and  surface ships  all over the North Atlantic. According to
the GRU's information  similar establishments have been set up in Antigua in
the  Azores, in Hofn and  Keflavik in Iceland,  in Hawaii  and  on Guam. The
GRU's commanding officers  are aware that their information about Brawdy may
not be  accurate. But the decision has been taken to attack  and destroy the
Brawdy monitoring station  and all  the others  as well. The  four attacking
groups  have  been given  the  task of killing as many  as  possible of  the
technical staff of  the station and of destroying as much as possible of the
electronic  apparatus, and everything that will burn  must  be  burnt. Mines
must be laid at  the approaches to  the building. All four  groups can  then
depart in different directions.
     The `Shakespeare' group takes no part in  the raid. Its task, beginning
with  the following  night, is to lay  the  mines  at the approaches  to the
building. Apart from  that, with sniper fire and open attacks, the group has
to make  it difficult for anyone to attempt to save  or restore the station.
The group commander knows that the four neighbouring groups which are taking
part  in the attack  are  nearby and  are doing  the  same.  But  the  group
commander  does  not  know  everything.  He  does  not  know  that  spetsnaz
detachment 2-S-2, under the command  of a major known as `Uncle Kostya', has
landed in the  area of St David's. Detachment  2-S-2  consists of  fifty-six
men, fifteen lightweight motorcycles and six small  cars with a considerable
supply of  ammunition.  The detachment's task  is  to  move  rapidly,  using
secondary and forest roads and in some cases even the main  roads, and reach
the Forest  of  Dean to  organise a  base there.  The Forest  of  Dean is  a
wonderful  place for spetsnaz operations. It is  a  hilly area covered  with
dense forest. At one  time it  was an important industrial region. There are
still the remains  of the  abandoned  coal  mines  and quarries  and railway
tunnels, although it is a long time since  there was any railway there. Once
firmly established in  that  forest  `Uncle Kostya'  can  strike out  in any
direction: nearby  there is a  nuclear power  station, the Severn bridge,  a
railway  tunnel  beneath the river  Severn,  the  port of Bristol, the  GCHQ
government  communications centre at  Cheltenham,  very  important  military
factories also  at Bristol and a  huge munitions  dump at  Welford.  The GRU
believes that it is somewhere  in  this area that the Royal Family would  be
sent in the event of war, and that would be a very important target.
     The four spetsnaz groups  which have taken part  at the  outset in  the
operation against Brawdy  depart immediately after the attack and make their
different ways to the Forest  of  Dean  where  they  can join up with  Uncle
Kostya's detachment. Shakespeare  knows nothing about this. The  large-scale
raid  on  Brawdy and  Shakespeare's continued activity in the following days
and nights ought to give  the enemy  the impression that this is one  of the
main areas of operation for spetsnaz.
     Meanwhile spetsnaz  group  2-C-41,  of twelve  men,  has been landed at
night  near  the port of Felixstowe from the catamaran Double Star. The boat
is sailing under the  Spanish flag. The  group has left the catamaran in the
open sea  and swum ashore in aqualungs. There it  has been met by a spetsnaz
agent recruited some years previously. He has at the  GRU's expense bought a
small motorcycle shop,  and  his shop  has  always  had  available at  least
fifteen Japanese motorcycles all ready for the road, along with several sets
of leather jackets,  trousers and crash helmets. The  group (containing some
of the  best  motorcyclists in the Soviet Union)  changes  its clothes,  its
weapons  are  wrapped in tarpaulin, the spetsnaz agent and  his  family  are
killed  and  their bodies hidden  in  the  cellar  of  their  house, and the
motorcycle gang  then  rushes off  at a  great speed  along the  A45  in the
direction of Mildenhall.  Its  task  is  to  set  up  automatic  Strela-Blok
anti-aircraft missiles in the area of the base and knock out one of the most
important American air bases in Europe, used regularly by F-111s. Afterwards
the  group  is  to make  for  the nearest forest  and  link up with spetsnaz
detachment 2-C-5.
     The group  commander does not know that at  the same  time and not  far
away from  him ten other  spetsnaz  groups, each working independently,  are
carrying out  similar  operations  against  the  American military  bases at
Woodbridge, Bentwaters and Lakenheath.

        ___

     The motor yacht Maria was built in Italy. In the course of a decade she
has changed owners several times and visited the  oceans of the world  until
she was sold to some wealthy person,  after which she has not been  seen for
several years in any port in the world. But when the international situation
takes a turn for the worse the  Maria appears in the North Sea sailing under
a  Swedish flag. After some modernisation  the appearance  of the yacht  has
changed somewhat. On receiving the signal `393939' the Maria travels at full
speed  towards  the coast  of  Great Britain.  When  it  is  inside  British
territorial waters  and  within range of Fylingdales Moor  the yacht's  crew
removes hatch  covers  to  reveal  two  BM-23  Katusha-like  multi-barrelled
missile-launchers.  The sailors  quickly  aim  the  weapon  at the  gigantic
spheres and  fire. Seventy-two heavy shells explode around the installation,
causing irreparable harm  to the early  warning system. The  sailors  on the
yacht put on their aqualungs  and jump  overboard. For  two hours  the yacht
drifts close to  the shore  without a crew. When the police clamber  aboard,
she explodes and sinks.

        ___

     For operations against NATO forces in Central  Europe  the  Soviet high
command  has  concentrated  an   immensely  powerful  collection  of  forces
consisting  of the  1st  and 2nd Western  Fronts  in East Germany,  the  3rd
Western Front in Poland,  the Central Front in  Czechoslovakia and the Group
of  Tank  Armies  in  Belorussia.  This  makes  fifteen  armies  altogether,
including the six tank armies.  On  the  right  flank of this collection  of
forces there  is the combined  Baltic Fleet.  And deep in  Soviet  territory
another  five  fronts are  being built up  (fifteen  armies altogether)  for
supporting attack.
     On 12 August  at 2300 hours spetsnaz battalions  drawn  from  the seven
armies  of  the  first echelon cross  the  frontier of  Western  Germany  on
motorised hang-gliders, ordinary  gliders and gliding parachutes.  Operating
in small groups,  each battalion strikes at the enemy's radar installations,
concentrating its  efforts on a relatively  narrow sector so as to  create a
sort of  corridor  for  its planes  to fly  through.  Apart from these seven
corridors, another one of strategic importance  is created. It was  for this
purpose that back in July the 13th spetsnaz brigade arrived in East  Germany
from  the Moscow  military  district  on the pretext that it was a  military
construction unit and based itself in the Thuringer Wald. The brigade is now
split into sixty  groups  scattered  about the  forests of the  Spessart and
Odenwald hills, and faced  with  the  task of destroying  the  anti-aircraft
installations, especially  the radar systems. In the  first  wave there  are
altogether 130 spetsnaz groups dropped with a total of some 3300 troops.
     Two hours after the men have been dropped, the Soviet air force carries
out  a mass  night  raid  on  the  enemy's anti-aircraft installations.  The
combined  blow struck by the  air  force and spetsnaz makes it  possible  to
clear  one  large and several smaller  corridors  through the  anti-aircraft
defence  system. These corridors are used immediately  for another  mass air
attack and a second drop of spetsnaz units.
     Simultaneously,  advance detachments  of  the seven  armies  cross  the
frontier and advance westwards.
     At  0330  hours  on 13 August  the  second wave  of spetsnaz  forces is
dropped from  Aeroflot  aircraft  operating at very low  heights  with heavy
fighter cover.
     The  Central Front drops  its  spetsnaz brigade  in the  heavily wooded
mountains near  Freiburg.  The  brigade's job  is to destroy  the  important
American,  West German  and French  headquarters,  lines  of  communication,
aircraft on the ground  and anti-aircraft defences. This  brigade is, so  to
speak, opening the gates  into France,  into  which  will soon burst several
fronts and a further wave of spetsnaz.
     The 1st and 2nd Western Fronts drop their spetsnaz brigades  in Germany
to the west of the  Rhine.  This part  of  West Germany is the furthest away
from  the  dangerous   eastern  neighbour  and  consequently  all  the  most
vulnerable  targets  are concentrated  there: headquarters,  command  posts,
aerodromes, nuclear weapon stores, colossal  reserves of military equipment,
ammunition and fuel.
     The spetsnaz brigade of the 1st  Western Front is dropped in the Aachen
area. Here there are several large forests where bases can be organised  and
a number of very tempting  targets: bridges across the Rhine which  would be
used for bringing up reserves and supplying the NATO  forces fighting to the
east of the Rhine, the important  air  bases of Bruggen and Wildenrath,  the
residence of the German government and West Germany's civil service in Bonn,
important headquarters near München-Gladbach, and the Geilenkirchen air base
where the E-3A early-warning aircraft are based. It is in this area that the
Soviet high  command plans to  bring  into the battle  the 20th Guards Army,
which is to strike southwards down  the west bank of the Rhine. The spetsnaz
brigade is  busy clearing the way for the columns of tanks which are soon to
appear here.
     The spetsnaz brigade of the  2nd Western Front  has been dropped in the
Kaiserslautern area with the task of neutralising the important air base and
the air force  command posts near Ramstein and Zweibrücken and of destroying
the  nuclear  weapons stores at Pirmasens. The  place where the brigade  has
been dropped is where, according to the plan of the Soviet high command, the
two arms of  the gigantic  pincer  movement are  to close together: the 20th
Guards  Army advancing from  the north and the 8th Guards Tank Army striking
from  Czechoslovakia in the direction  of Karlsruhe. After  this  the second
strategic echelon will be brought into action  to inflict a  crushing defeat
on France.
     At the  same time the Soviet high command inderstands  that to  win the
war it has  to prevent the large-scale transfer of American troops, arms and
equipment to Western Europe.  To solve the problem  the huge Soviet Northern
Fleet  will have to be brought  out into  the Atlantic and  be kept supplied
there.  The operations of the  fleet will  have  to be  backed up by the Air
Force. But for the fleet to get  out  into the Atlantic it will have to pass
through a long corridor between Norway and Greenland  and Iceland. There the
Soviet  fleet  will be  exposed to  constant  observation and attack by  air
forces, small ships and submarines operating out of the fjords and by a huge
collection of radio-electronic instruments and installations.
     Norway,  especially its southern  part, is  an exceptionally  important
area for the Soviet military leaders. They need to seize southern Norway and
establish air  and naval  bases there in order  to  fight a battle  for  the
Atlantic and therefore  for Central  Europe.  The  Soviet  high  command has
allotted  at least one  entire  front  consisting of an  airborne  division,
considerable  naval  forces  and  a  brigade  of  spetsnaz.  But  airlifting
ammunition,  fuel, foodstuffs and  reinforcements  to the military, air  and
naval bases in Norway presents  great problems of scale. So there have to be
good and  safe roads to the  bases in southern  Norway. Those  roads  lie in
Sweden.
     In the past Sweden was lucky: she always remained on the sidelines in a
conflict. But  at the  end  of  the twentieth  century  the  balance of  the
battlefield  is  changing. Sweden  has  become  one  of the  most  important
strategic points in  the world. If war  breaks out the path of the aggressor
will lie across Sweden. The occupation of Sweden is made  easier by the fact
that  there  are no nuclear weapons  on  its territory,  so that the  Soviet
leaders risk very little. They know,  however, that the Swedish soldier is a
very  serious  opponent -- thoughtful,  disciplined, physically  strong  and
tough, well armed, well acquainted with the territory he will  have to fight
over, and well trained for action in such terrain. The experience of the war
against Finland teaches that  in  Scandinavia frontal attacks with  tanks do
not produce brilliant  results. It requires the use  of  special tactics and
special troops: spetsnaz.
     And so it goes on,  all over  the  world. In Sweden the capital city in
reduced  to a state of  panic by  the  murder  of  several senior government
figures and  arson  and  bombing  attacks  on  key  buildings  and  ordinary
civilians.  In Japan,  American nuclear  bases  are destroyed  and  chemical
weapons used on the seat of government. In Pakistan, a breakaway movement in
Baluchistan province, instantly  recognised by  the Soviet Communist  Party,
asks for and receives direct military intervention from the  USSR to protect
its  fragile independence: Soviet-controlled  territory extends all the  way
from Siberia through Afghanistan to the Indian Ocean.
     It may not  even need a third world war for the Soviet  Union to occupy
Baluchistan. The  Red  Army may be withdrawing from Afghanistan, but knowing
what we  know about Soviet strategy  and the uses to which  spetsnaz can  be
put, such  a withdrawal can be seen  as a  useful  public relations exercise
without  hindering the work of spetsnaz in any way. With a spetsnaz presence
in Baluchistan, the Politburo could be reaching  very close to the main  oil
artery of the world, to  the Arab countries, to Eastern and Southern Africa,
to  Australia  and  South-east  Asia:  territories  and   oceans  that   are
practically undefended.

--------
APPENDICES

     Appendix A-D Skipped (diagrams)

--------
Appendix E

     The part the Soviet athletes play
     Below  are a number of  examples of the very close relationship between
the sporting and military achievements of Soviet athletes.
     Vladimir Myagkov.  In the Soviet ski championships in  1939 Myagkov put
up  an  exceptionally  good time over the 20-kilometre  distance, and became
Soviet champion at that distance. During the war he was called into the Army
and put in charge of a small unit of athletes which came  directly under the
Intelligence directorate  of  the front.  He was  later  killed  in fighting
behind enemy lines. He was the first of the top Soviet athletes to be made a
Hero of the Soviet Union, in his case posthumously. The tasks that Myagkov's
sports unit was carrying out, the circumstances of his death and the act for
which he was made a Hero remain a Soviet state secret to this day.
     Porfiri Polosukhin. A Red  Army officer  before the war,  he held world
records  at  parachute  jumping. He  had been an instructor training special
troops for operations on enemy territory.  During  the war  he  continued to
train  parachutists for  spetsnaz units of `guard  minelayers'. He was often
behind  the  enemy's  lines,  and  he  developed a  method  of  camouflaging
airfields and  of  communicating with  Soviet aircraft from  secret partisan
airfields.  This original system operated until the end of  the war and  was
never detected  by  the enemy, as a  result of which connection by air  with
partisan units, especially with spetsnaz and osnaz units,  was exceptionally
reliable.  After  the war many  a soldier  from special  troops  trained  by
Polosukhin became world and European parachute champions.
     Dmitri Kositsyn. Before the war he headed the skating department in one
of  the  State  Institutes of Physical  Culture.  It was  supposed  to  be a
civilian  institute, but the teachers and  many of the students had military
rank. Kositsyn was a captain and had some notable achievements to his credit
in  sport, having established a number of Soviet records. During the  war he
commanded  a  special  unit known  as  `Black  Death'.  From that `civilian'
institute,  in the first week of war alone, thirteen such units were formed.
They engaged in  active  terrorist work in  support of the Red Army, and the
speed with which the units were formed suggests that long before the war all
the members of the  units had been carefully screened and trained. Otherwise
they  would not have been sent behind the lines. Kositsyn's unit  acquired a
name as the most daring and ruthless  of all the formations on the Leningrad
front.
     Makhmud Umarov. During the  Second World War Umarov was a soldier in an
independent  spetsnaz mine-laying battalion. He  was  several  times dropped
with a group of  men  behind enemy lines. He had  two professions:  he was a
crack  shot,  and  a  doctor.  After  the war  he  was  an  officer  in  the
Intelligence directorate of the Leningrad military district. He continued to
have  two professions, and as a doctor-psychiatrist he  received an honorary
doctorate for theoretical work. As a crack shot he became European and world
champion; in fact, he was five times European champion and three times world
champion. He won two Olympic silver medals for pistol shooting, in Melbourne
and in Rome.  After the resurrection of spetsnaz he served  as an officer in
that organisation, where  both  his professions were valued.  Thanks to  his
sporting  activities Lieutenant-Colonel Umarov visited many countries of the
world  and  had  extensive  connections.  In  1961 Makhmud  Umarov  suddenly
disappeared  from the  medical and sporting  scenes. There is some reason to
believe that he died in very strange circumstances.
     Yuri Borisovich  Chesnokov. A man  of  unusual  physical  strength  and
endurance, he took  part  in  many  kinds  of  sport.  He  was  particularly
successful  at  volleyball:  twice  world  champion  and  Olympic  champion.
Chesnokov's physical qualities were noticed  very early and  as soon  as  he
finished  school he  was  taken into  the  Academy of Military  Engineering,
although he was not an officer. From  that  time he was  closely involved in
the theory and practice of using  explosives.  Apart  from an  Olympic  gold
medal  he  has another gold medal  for his  work on the technique of causing
explosions. Chesnokov is now a spetsnaz colonel.
     Valentin Yakovlevich  Kudrevatykh.  He joined  the para-military DOSAAF
organisation  when  he  was still  at school. He took up  parachute jumping,
gliding  and rifle shooting at the same time.  In May 1956 he made his first
parachute jump. Two  years  later, at the age of  eighteen, he had reached a
high level at parachute jumping and shooting. In 1959 he was called into the
army, serving in the airborne forces. In 1961  he  set five world records in
one  week in parachute sport, for which he was promoted sergeant and sent to
the airborne officers' school in Ryazan. After that he was sent  to spetsnaz
and put in command of some  special women's  units. He had under his command
the most outstanding women athletes, including Antonina Kensitskaya, to whom
he is now married. She  has established thirteen world records, her  husband
fifteen. He  made parachute  jumps (often with a women's group) in the  most
incredible conditions, landing in the mountains, in forests, on the roofs of
houses and so  forth. Kudrevatykh  took part in practically all the tests of
new parachute equipment and weapons.  Along  with a  group  of  professional
women parachutists  he  took  part in  the  experimental  group drop from  a
critically low  height on  1  March 1968. Then,  as  he  was completing  his
5,555th jump, he got into a  critical  situation. Black humour  among Soviet
airborne  troops says that, if  neither  the main nor the reserve  parachute
opens,  the parachutist  still has  a whole  twenty seconds to learn to fly.
Kudrevatykh did  not learn to fly in those last seconds, but he managed with
his  body and the  unopened parachutes  to slow his fall. He spent more than
two years in hospital and went through more than ten operations. When he was
discharged he made his 5,556th  jump. Many Soviet military papers  published
pictures  of  that  jump.  As usual  Kudrevatykh jumped  in  the  company of
professional  women  parachutists.  But  there are no women  in  the  Soviet
airborne divisions. Only in spetsnaz.
     After making that jump Kudrevatykh was promoted full colonel.

--------
Appendix F

     The Spetsnaz Intelligence Point (RP-SN)
     Imagine  that  you have  graduated from  the 3rd  faculty  (operational
intelligence) of the  Military-Diplomatic Academy  of  the General Staff. If
you have passed out  successfully you will be  sent  to one  of  the  twenty
Intelligence directorates (RUs), which are to be found  in  the headquarters
of military districts, groups of forces and fleets.
     On the first  day I spent at the Military-Diplomatic Academy I realised
that  diplomacy  is  espionage  and  that  military  diplomacy  is  military
espionage.   Successful    completion   of   the   3rd    faculty   of   the
Military-Diplomatic  Academy  means  serving  in  one  of  the  Intelligence
directorates,  or   in  subordinate  units   directly  connected   with  the
recruitment of foreign agents and managing them.
     Imagine you  have  been posted to  the  Intelligence Directorate of the
Kiev military district. Kiev is without doubt the most beautiful city in the
Soviet Union, and I have heard it said more than once by Western journalists
who have visited Kiev that it is the most beautiful city in the world.
     So you are now in the enormous building housing the headquarters of the
Kiev military  district. At different times  all  the  outstanding  military
leaders  of  the Soviet  Union  have worked  in  this  magnificent building:
Zhukov, Bagramyan, Vatutin,  Koshevoi, Chuikov, Kulikov, Yakubovsky and many
others. The office of the  officer commanding the district is on  the second
floor. To the right of his  office are the massive doors  to the Operational
Directorate. To the left are the no less massive  doors to the  Intelligence
Directorate.  It is  a  symbolic  placing:  the  first  directorate  (battle
planning)  is  the  commanding   officer's  right  hand,  while  the  second
directorate  (razvedka) is his left. There  are  many other directorates and
departments in the headquarters, but they are all on other floors.
     Your  first  visit  to  the  Intelligence  Directorate  at the district
headquarters takes place, of  course, in the company of one of the officers.
Otherwise you would simply not be admitted.
     Before entering the headquarters you must call at the permit office and
produce your authority. You are given a number to phone and an officer comes
to escort you. The permit office examines your documents very  carefully and
issues you with a temporary pass. The officer then  leads you  along endless
corridors and up numerous stairs. You must be ready at every turn to produce
your permit and officer's  identity  card. Your documents  are  checked many
times before you reach the district's head of razvedka.
     Now  you  are   in   the  general's  huge  office.  Facing   you  is  a
major-general,  the head  of razvedka  for  the Kiev  military district. You
introduce yourself to him: `Comrade general, Captain so-and-so reporting for
further duty.'
     The  general  asks you  a few questions, and as he talks with you about
trivialities  he  decides your  fate. There are  a number  of possibilities.
Perhaps he doesn't take to you and  so  decides not to take you on. You will
be posted  to the district Personnel  Directorate and will  never again have
anything to do with Intelligence work. Or he may like you but not very much.
In that  case  he  will send  you for reconnaissance work on lower floors to
serve in a division or regiment. You will  be working in  razvedka,  but not
with the agent network.
     If  you  really  please  him  several  paths  will be  open to you. The
razvedka of a military district is a gigantic organisation with a great deal
of  work to do. Firstly, he can post you to the headquarters of one of three
armies to work  in the headquarters  Intelligence department, where you will
be sent on to an intelligence post (RP) to recruit secret agent-informers to
work for that army.
     Secondly, he  can leave you in the Intelligence directorate for work in
the second (agent network) or the third (spetsnaz) department.  Thirdly,  he
can post you  to one  of  the places where the  recruitment of foreigners to
work for the Kiev military district is  actually taking place. There are two
such places: the  Intelligence  centre  (RZs) and  the spetsnaz Intelligence
point (RP spetsnaz).
     The general may ask you for your own opinion. Your reply must be short:
for  example  --  I  don't mind where  I work,  so long  as  it  is  not  at
headquarters, preferably  at recruitment. The  general expects that sort  of
reply from you. Intelligence  has no  need of an officer who is not bursting
to  do recruiting work. If someone has got into Intelligence work but is not
burning with desire to recruit foreigners, it means he has made a mistake in
his choice of profession. It  also means that the people who recommended him
for   Intelligence   work   and   spent    years   training   him   at   the
Military-Diplomatic Academy were also mistaken.
     The general asks his final question: what kind of agents do you want to
recruit  -- for  providing information or for  collaborating  with spetsnaz?
Every  intelligence officer at  the front and  fleet level must know how  to
recruit agents of both kinds. It is, you say, all the same to you.
     `All right,' the general  says, `I am appointing you an  officer in the
spetsnaz Intelligence point of the  3rd department of the Second Directorate
of the headquarters of the  Kiev military district. The order will be issued
in writing tomorrow. I wish you well.'
     You thank the  general for the trust  placed  in you,  salute  smartly,
click your heels, and leave the office. The escorting officer awaits you  at
the exit.  From  here, without  any permits,  you  come  out  into  a little
courtyard, where there is always a little prison van waiting. The door slams
behind you and you  are in a mousetrap. Facing you is a little opaque window
with a strong grille over it. No use trying to look out.  The van twists and
turns round the city's streets, often stopping  and  changing direction, and
you realise that it is  stopping at traffic  lights.  At last the van drives
through some huge gates and comes to a halt. The door is opened and you step
out into the courtyard of the penal battalion of the Kiev military district.
It is a military prison. Welcome to your new place of work.

        ___

     The  ancient city of  Kiev has seen conquerors from all over the  world
pass down its streets. Some of  them razed the city  to  the ground;  others
fortified it; then a third lot destroyed it again. The fortifications around
the ruined  and burnt-out  city of Kiev were built for the last time in 1943
on  Hitler's  orders.  On  the  approaches  to  Kiev  you  can  come  across
fortifications of  all ages, from the  concrete  pillboxes of  the twentieth
century to the ruins of walls that were built five hundred years before  the
arrival of Batu Khan.
     The place  you  have been brought  to is a  fort built at the  time  of
Catherine the Great. It is built on the south-west approaches to the city at
the  top of steep  cliffs covered with ancient  oaks.  Alongside  are  other
forts,  an  enormous ancient  monastery,  and an ancient  fortress which now
houses a military hospital.
     Through  the centuries military installations of  the most varied kinds
-- stores, barracks, headquarters -- have been  built  on the most dangerous
approaches to the city and, apart  from  the  basic purpose, they  have also
served as fortifications. The fort we have come to also served two purposes:
as a barracks for 500 to 700 soldiers, and as a fort. Circular in shape, its
outside walls used to have only narrow slits and broad embrasures for  guns.
These have now all been filled  in and the only remaining windows are  those
that  look  into the internal courtyard. The fort  has only  one  gateway, a
well-defended tunnel through the mighty walls. A  brick wall  has been added
around the fort.  From  the  outside it looks like a high  brick  wall  in a
narrow lane, with  yet another brick wall, higher than the first one, behind
it.
     Both  the inner  and outer  courtyards of  the  fort  are split up into
numerous  sectors and little  yards  divided  by  smaller walls and  a whole
jungle of  barbed  wire.  The sectors have  their  own strange  labels:  the
numbering has been so  devised  that no one  should be  able to  discern any
logic in it. The absence of  any  system facilitates the secrecy surrounding
the establishment.
     There  are three companies of  men undergoing punishment  and one guard
company  in the penal  battalion. The men in the guard  company have  only a
very vague idea  of who visits the  battalion  and why. They have only their
instructions which have to be carried out: the men undergoing punishment can
be  only  in the  inner  courtyard  in certain sectors; officers who  have a
triangle  stamped in their  passes  are allowed into  certain other sectors;
officers  with a  little star stamped in their passes  are allowed  to enter
other sectors; and so forth.
     Apart from the officers of the penal battalion, frequent callers at the
fort  are  officers  of  the  military  prosecutor's  office,  the  military
commandant   of  the  city,   and  officers  of  the   commandant's  office:
investigators,  lawyers.  And there is  a  sector  set  aside  for you.  The
spetsnaz intelligence  point  has  no  connection  at  all  with  the  penal
battalion. But if it were to be situated separately in some building, sooner
or later people in the vicinity would be struck by  the suspicious behaviour
of  the people  occupying the building. Here in the penal battalion you  are
hidden from curious eyes.
     The spetsnaz intelligence point is  a small military unit headed  by  a
lieutenant-colonel, who has under him a number  of officers, graduates  from
the Military-Diplomatic Academy,  and a few sergeants and privates who carry
out support  functions without having any idea (or the correct idea) of what
the officers are engaged  on.  Officers  of the  penal battalion  and  those
visiting the battalion  are not supposed to ask what goes on in your sector.
Many  years  back one of  your predecessors  appeared  to allow  himself the
luxury of  `careless  talk', to  the effect that his was  a  group reporting
directly to the officer commanding the district and investigating  cases  of
corruption among  the senior officers. This is sufficient to ensure that you
are treated with respect and not asked any more questions.
     Its location in  the penal battalion gives the spetsnaz  point a lot of
advantages: behind  such  enormous walls, the command can be sure that  your
documents will not get burnt or lost  by accident; it is under the strictest
guard, with dozens of guard dogs  and  machine-guns  mounted  in  towers  to
preserve your  peace  of mind; no  outsider interested in  what is  going on
inside  the  walls   will  ever  get  a  straight  answer;  the  independent
organisation  does  not  attract  the  attention  of  higher-ranking  Soviet
military leaders who  are  not  supposed to know about GRU and spetsnaz; and
even if an outsider knows something about you he cannot distinguish spetsnaz
officers from among the other officers visiting the old fort.
     Spetsnaz has  at its  disposal a number of prison vans exactly the same
as those belonging to the penal battalion and with similar numbers. They are
very convenient  for  bringing any person of interest  to us into  or out of
your fort at any time. What is good about the prison van is that neither the
visitor nor outsiders  can  work out exactly where the spetsnaz  point is. A
visitor can be  invited  to any well guarded  place where  there are usually
plenty of people (the headquarters, commandant's office, police station) and
then secretly brought in a closed van to the  old fort, and returned in  the
same way so  that  he gets lost in the crowd. Fortunately  there are several
such forts in the district.
     A penal  battalion,  that is to say  a military prison,  is a favourite
place  for  the  GRU to  hide its  branches  in. There  are  other  kinds of
camouflage as well -- design bureaux, missiles bases, signals centres -- but
they  all have  one  feature in  common: a  small,  secret  organisation  is
concealed within a large, carefully guarded military establishment.
     In addition to its main premises where  the safes  crammed with  secret
papers  are  kept,  the  spetsnaz  Intelligence  point  has  several  secret
apartments and small houses on the outskirts of the city.
     Having found yourself in the place I have described, you are  met by an
unhappy-looking lieutenant-colonel who has probably spent his whole  working
life at this work. He gives you a brief order: `You wear uniform only inside
the fort and if you are called to the district headquarters. The rest of the
time you wear civilian clothes.'
     `I understand, comrade lieutenant-colonel.'
     `But there's nothing for you to do  here  in the fort and even less  in
the headquarters. This is my place, not yours. I don't need any bureaucrats;
I need hunters. Go off  and  come back in a month's time  with material on a
good foreign catch.'
     `Very well.'
     `Do  you know  the territories  our district will be fighting  on in  a
war?'
     `Yes, I do.'
     `Well, I need another agent there who  could  meet up  with a  spetsnaz
group in  any  circumstances. I  am giving  you a month because you are just
beginning your  service, but the time-scale  will be stricter later  on. Off
you go, and remember that you  have got a lot of rivals in Kiev: the friends
of yours  who have already joined the Intelligence point are probably active
in the city, the KGB is also busy, and goodness knows who else is recruiting
here. And  remember -- you can slip up only once in our  business.  I  shall
never overlook a mistake, and neither will spetsnaz. In wartime you are shot
for making  a  mistake.  In  peacetime you  land in  prison. You know  which
prison?'

        ___

     That was what Kiev was like before the Chernobyl disaster. For hundreds
of years barbarians from many of the countries of Asia  and Europe had  been
doing their best to destroy my great city, but  nobody inflicted such damage
on  it as did the Communists. The history  of nuclear  energy  in the Soviet
Union is  one  -- very long -- story of crime.  The  founding  father of the
development of nuclear energy was Lavrenti Beria, the  all-powerful chief of
the secret  police  and,  as  later  became  apparent, one  of  the greatest
criminals of  the twentieth  century. The majority  of the Soviet ministers,
designers  and engineers connected with  the  development of  nuclear energy
were  kept in prisons, and not only in Stalin's time. All nuclear plants are
built  with  prison labour.  I  have personally  seen  thousands of convicts
working in  the  uranium mines in the  Kirovograd region.  (See  V. Suvorov,
Aquarium).  The convicts have  no  incentive  whatsoever  to  turn  out good
quality work.
     Sooner  or  later  this  was  bound  to  end  in  disaster.  The  paper
Literaturnaya  Ukraina1 reported  on  the criminal attitude to  construction
work  and  the  use  of  defective  materials  and  obsolete  technology  at
Chernobyl. The paper issued  a  warning that several generations  of  people
would have to pay for the irresponsible attitude  of the people in charge of
the building work. But nobody paid any attention  to  this article or others
like it; a month later the catastrophe took place.

     1 27 March 1986.
All books by Viktor Suvorov
© 2002-2019 Viacheslav Galychenko. Все права соблюдены.